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HA LONG BAY (WORLD NATURAL HERITAGE)

August 31, 2017 Add Comment

Geographical position

Situated in the north-east region of Viet Nam, Ha Long Bay is a part of Bac Bo Gulf and comprises the sea area of Ha Long City, Cam Pha City and a part of Van Don island district, Quang Ninh Province. It borders Cat Ba Island to the south-west, the mainland to the west with a 120km-long coastline.

Natural Beauty

Ha Long Bay covers a total area of 1,553km², including 1,969 islands of various sizes, 989 of which have been given names. There are two kinds, limestone and schist, which are concentrated in two main zones: the south-east (belonging to Bai Tu Long Bay) and the south-west (belonging to Ha Long Bay). The average geological age of the islands is between 250 and 280 million years old. 

Ha Long Bay has been called by the great national poet Nguyen Trai: "a marvel of the earth erected towards the high skies". While exploring the bay, tourists will feel lost in a legendary world of stone islands which shapes change depending on the angle and the light. There are many names given to islands according to their shapes and forms such as Hon Dau Nguoi (Human Head Islet), Hon Rong (Dragon Islet), Hon Canh Buom (Sail Islet), Hon Trong Mai (Cock and Hen Islet)… But the beauty of Halong Bay does not consist only in the forms of its mountains, islands and the colour of its waters, but also in its infinitely rich system of grottoes and caves such as: Thien Cung (Heavenly Palace Grotto), Dau Go (Driftwood Grotto), Sung Sot (Surprise Grotto), Tam Cung (Three Palace Grotto), Trinh Nu (Virgin Grotto)... Each is a grandiose and refined natural architectural creation.

Geological value

The most remarkable geological events of Ha Long Bay’s history in the last 1,000 years include the advance of the sea, the raising of the bay area and the strong erosion that has formed coral and pure blue and heavily-salted water. This process of erosion by sea water has deeply engraved the stone, contributing to its fantastic beauty. Present-day Ha Long Bay is the result of this long process of geological evolution that has been influenced by so many factors. It is because of all these factors that the tourists now visiting Ha Long Bay are not only treated to one of the true wonders of the world, but also to a precious geological museum that has been naturally preserved in the open air for the last 300 million years.

Value of biological diversity

Results of scientific research show that Ha Long Bay features ecosystems of a tropical ocean region such as ecosystem of coral reefs with 232 species of coral distributed mainly in the areas of Cong Do and Bo Hung. It is also home to 81 species of gastropoda, 130 species of bivalvia, 55 species of polycheta and 57 species of crab. The ecosystem of salt water-flooded forests chiefly concentrated in the zones of Tuan Chau, Cua Luc and Ba Che has the most diversified collection of species of salt water-flooded plant in North Viet Nam. Also living in this ecosystem are a great many species of animals: migrating birds (200 species), polycheta (169 species), seaweed (91 species), reptile (10 species). Ha Long Bay also has ecosystem of tropical rain forests with various rare and precious creatures: deer, weasels, squirrels and in particular, white-tabby and red-haired monkeys. In addition, there is a system of small caves along the sea, which are the living and development places for many animals and plants: seaweed, water plant, algae, fish and shrimp. Deeper into the water, there are also many species of shrimp, fish, abalone and other sea-specialities.

Historical and cultural value

Ha Long is a place closely linked to Viet Nam’s history with such famous geographical names as: Van Don (site of an ancient commercial port); Poem Mountain (with engravings of many poems by emperors and other famous people of the past); and Bach Dang River (the location of two fierce naval battles fought against foreign aggressors). This is not all, Ha Long has been proven by scientists to be one of the first cradles of human existence in the area, with such archaeological sites as Dong Mang, Xich Tho, Soi Nhu and Thoi Gieng…

On December 17, 1994, Ha Long Bay was recognised as world natural heritage for its natural beauty at the 18th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in Thailand. On December 12, 2000, Ha Long Bay was recognised as world natural heritage for the second time based on its geological value at the 24th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in Cairns, Australia. The recognised site covers an area of 434km², comprises 775 islands and forms a triangle: with Dau Go Island (Driftwood Grotto) to the west; Ba Ham Lake (Three Shelter Lake) to the south and Cong Tay Island to the east.


SURROUNDINGS

 Cong Tay Island Tourist Area              Tuan Chau Island and Beach

Sung Sot Grotto                                   Ngoc Vung Island and Beach  

Quan Lan Beach                                             Thien Cung Grotto                              

Me Cung Grotto                                    Ti Top Island and Beach



USEFUL INFORMATION 

Ticket prices (unit: VND): Visiting fee is applied to each specific tour: 


Other tourist services:

- Yacht tour: Tourists will have the opportunity to stay overnight at sightseeing sites in the bay such as Bo Nau Grotto, Sung Sot Grotto, Luon Grotto, Trinh Nu Grotto, Cong Do Island, Ba Ham Lake and participate in a party in Trong Grotto. The price depends on the types of yachts and visiting time.

- Kayak tour: Tourists can rent kayaks at Bai Chay Tourist Wharf or fishing villages with prices from VND 100,000 - 200,000/hour, depending on the types of 1-seat, 2-seat or 3-seat kayaks.

- At the beaches in Soi Sim Island and Titov Island, tourists can choose types of marine entertainments as water motorcycle, flying boat, parachute…

- In the lakes of Cong Do and Ba Ham, there are fishing, diving services to explore coral reefs.

- Helicopter tour: Discover the bay by helicopter tour held by Northern Service Flight Company (Tel: (84-24) 3877 1410/ ext. 105; Hotline: 0983848909 or 0983116067; email: marketing@northernsfc.vn).

- Bathing and climbing tours in Titov Island; ecotourism tour in Soi Sim Island; culture and community-based tourism tour in the fishing villages of Cua Van, Vong Vieng...

 - Dining service: Tourists can orders menu with ship owners before departing 1 hour to enjoy sea specialties and admire the wonderful scenery of Ha Long.

- Souvenirs: Tourists can buy souvenirs (traditional handicrafts made ​​from coal, ceramic, pearl, shell, wood, glass; mosaics; embroidery pictures; postcards, maps of Ha Long Bay...).

Ha Long Bay Management Department

Add: 166 Le Thanh Tong Street, Ha Long City, Quang Ninh Province
Tel: (84-203) 3824 867               
Fax: (84-203) 3821 307
Email: banquanlyvinhhalong@hn.vnn.vn




Ninh Thuan

August 31, 2017 Add Comment
Area: 3,358.3 sq. km.
Population: 595.9 thousand habitants (2015).
Capital: Phan Rang - Thap Cham City.
Districts (6): Ninh Hai, Ninh Phuoc, Ninh Son, Bac Ai, Thuan Bac, Thuan Nam.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Cham, Ra Glai, Co Ho, Hoa.

◊ GEOGRAPHY
Located in South-Central Coast, Ninh Thuan shares border with Khanh Hoa Province on the north, Lam Dong Province on the west, Binh Thuan Province on the south and East Sea on the east.

The terrain is a mixture of mountain, plain and seaside. Main rivers name Sat, Cai, Ong, Gia, Can, La, Quao. Mountains surround three faces of Ninh Thuan including Tha Nhonh, Chuan, Suong Mu, and Hon Dien mountains. Long seaside makes Da Vach, Thi, Ca Na capes and sea ports.

Climate: The climate is a combination of the tropical monsoon and dry and windy weather. It is hot, dry, windy all of year. There is two seasons: the rain season lasts from May to November, the dry season lasts from December to April. Annual average temperature is 27oC.

◊ TOURISM
Ninh Thuan belongs to tourism triangles: Da Lat - Nha Trang - Phan Rang. Coming to there, tourists are able to relax in Ca Na Tourist Site, swim in Ninh Chu Beach, Vinh Hy Bay, climb to Da Trang Mountain, and observe natural animals in Phan Rang Reservation, or visit Pi Nang Tac Stone Trap.



Vinh Hy Bay (Ninh Thuan Province)

Being home of Cham minority group, Ninh Thuan has characters culture of Cham ethnic, which stamp in local custom, Cham dance, sculpture, pottery, and brocade and agriculture of Cham towers. Famous towers name Po Klong Garai and Porome.

Nowadays, Cham people still preserve matriarchy, a valuable inheritance of Vietnam, and special festivals such as Kate, Cha Bun ceremonies, Royal Idiladha and Ra Glai Tribe festivals and other ceremonies like dig a ditch, dam up, new rice...

◊ TRANSPORTATION
Road: Phan Rang - Thap Cham City is 105km south of Nha Trang, 110km east of Da Lat, 334km north of Ho Chi Minh City and 1,382km from Ha Noi. National Roads N°. 1 and N°. 27 running across the province.

Train: The Reunification Express train between Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City stops at Thap Cham Railway Station. Besides, there is the local train from Thap Cham to Ho Chi Minh City (3 trips per day).


Po Klong Garai Towers

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Location: The Po Klong Garai Towers is located on Trau Hill, approximately 9km northwest of Phan Rang - Thap Cham City, near Thap Cham Railway Station in Ninh Thuan Province.
Characteristics: The towers consist of four towers, which remain from a group of six towers constructed in the late 13th century and early 14th century.
The towers were built to worship King Po Klong Garai, who did great service to the country and people (according to the legend, he suffered from leprosy). The king is hailed by the Cham people as the God of Water.



The main tower is 20.5m high. Each of its base sides is 10m long and made into a square in conformity with traditional Cham architecture. Its interior is an east-west rectangular and the entrance looks east. Po Klong Garai is a group of marvelous towers, reaching the peak of the Cham architectural art.

This is also the place for the Cham people in Ninh Thuan Province to do rituals and have joyful time during the annual Kate Festival.

During excavation projects in the area, French archaeologists found a number of antiques such as gold and silver bowls and jewellery. During recent restoration works, other gold bowls were also found.


Kate Ceremony

August 31, 2017 Add Comment
Time: From the 30th day of the 6th month to 2nd day of the 7th month according to Cham calendar (around at the end of September and the beginning of October according to solar calendar). 
Place:  Po Inu Nagar Temple (Huu Duc Hamlet, Phuoc Huu Commune, Ninh Phuoc District), Po Klong Garai Tower (Do Vinh Ward, Phan Rang – Thap Cham City), Po Rome Tower (Hau Sanh Hamlet, Phuoc Huu Commune, Ninh Phuoc District), Ninh Thuan Province.
Objects of worship: Goddess Po Inu Nagar, King Po Klong Garai and King Po Rome.
Characteristics: Ritual of the Cham people.
Kate Festival is the most unique festival of the Cham people. It associates with ancient towers where values of Cham culture are stored and other cultural aspects such as offerings, costumes, music instruments and hymns praising kings who made great service to the Champa Kingdom and Cham people. The festival is also an occasion for the participants to enjoy traditional arts performances of Cham people such as Apsara dance, Ginang and Paranung drum-beat, Saranai trump...



The first day is for the ritual of receiving Goddess Po Inu Nagar's costume at Po Inu Nagar Temple in Huu Duc Hamlet, Phuoc Huu Commune, Ninh Phuoc District. Legend has it that Ra Glai people are Cham people's brother. Whenever upheavals come, kings of Cham people leave their country to seek refuge and commit their royal costumes to the Ra Glai people. Therefore, at the Kate Festival every year, the Cham people have to do a ritual to welcome and receive the costumes from the Ra Glai people. In the afternoon, the Ra Glai people in Tra No Hamlet, Phuoc Ha Commune, Thuan Nam District, Ninh Thuan Province bring costume of Goddess Po Inu Nagar to Cham people. The ritual of receiving Goddess Po Inu Nagar's costume is held first because Cham people consider Po Inu Nagar as ancestress of the Cham people. She taught local people to grow rice, plant cotton, weave clothing...

The second day (main festival day) is for Kate Festival at Po Inu Nagar Temple, Po Klong Garai Tower and Po Rome Tower. The festival takes place in three areas at the same time. In the early morning, the Ra Glai people in Phuoc Dong Hamlet, Phuoc Hau Commune, Ninh Phuoc District arrive at Po Klong Garai Tower in Do Vinh Ward, Phan Rang - Thap Cham City to hand King Po Klong Garai's costume over to the Cham people. When the procession arrives at the tower, a group of dancers will perform a welcome dance in front of the tower. After that, the ritual to ask permission of God Siva to open tower's door is held. The offerings include wine, egg, betel and areca, water mixed with aloe wood. The following rituals are bath and wear for the statue of King Po Klong Garai. Finally, a man (Kadhar) sings hymns to invite over 20 gods to attend great ritual. At the same time, participants pray the gods for health, happiness, abundant crop... The great ritual ends with a dance of ba bong (Muk Pay'u).

The similar rituals are also held at Po Inu Nagar Temple and Po Rome Tower in Hau Sanh Hamlet, Phuoc Huu Commune, Ninh Phuoc District.

The third day is for Kate Festival at Cham villages. Each Cham village worships its own God. In the morning, the ritual of worshipping God is held to pray for health, happiness, abundant crop... The offerings include 2 chickens, 5 trays of food, banh tet (cylindrical glutinous rice cake), fruits...  During the festival, many cultural activities and games are held, such as competitions of weaving, carrying water jar on one's head, football, singing...


Vinh Hy Bay

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Vinh Hy Bay is located in Bac Son Commune, Thuan Bac District, about 42km northeast of Phan Rang - Thap Cham City.
The bay has preserved its natural beauty with white sand beaches circling steep rocky mountains and streams babbling in extensive green forests. The bay is very calm, with clear blue water, and in some places, the bay's bed can be seen.

Vinh Hy Bay is where the most beautiful coral reefs in Viet Nam can be found, according to a survey by the United Nations environment program. The best places to catch a glimpse of the coral reefs are Tay Sa and Tai islets. Visitors can discover the peaceful and poetic scenery of Vinh Hy and view the coral with glass-bottom boat.



Coming to Vinh Hy Bay, visitors can also have a swim and relax at Ba Dien Beach with white smooth sand or Phu Beach with shallow shelf.


Ninh Chu Beach

August 31, 2017 Add Comment
Location: Ninh Chu Beach is located 5km east of Phan Rang - Thap Cham City, in Khanh Hai Townlet, Ninh Hai District, Ninh Thuan Province.
Characteristics: It is famous for its 10km of white sands happed like a crescent moon, turquoise water, and green pine trees and is considered as one of the most beautiful beaches in Viet Nam.

◊ Natural Beauty
The atmosphere is refreshing, water is crystal clear, and waves crash onto the sea shore all the year round.

Near the beach are also Nai pond full of fish, shrimp, prawn, lobster, craw-fish... and Ca Du Mountain, Da Chong Mountain with different sized rocks pilling up, which create a harmonious nature.



◊ Entertainment
Like other beaches, the popular types of entertainment here are swimming, sailing, diving, fishing, sun-bathing, and so on. From Ninh Chu, visitors can go to Tri Thuy hamlet, where exists a harmonious landscape of sea-view and mountain-view. Walking on a few steps, you will reach a small wild beach, which is beautiful with green poplar forest and rocks of weird shapes on sand.

◊ Accommodation
Visitors can choose the comfortable Ninh Chu hotels and bungalows which are hidden in immense poplar forest, near limitless rice fields smelling sweet. Besides, visitors can experience a beach camping trip.



Ba Vang Pagoda

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Location: Ba Vang Mountain, Quang Trung Ward, Uong Bi City, Quang Ninh Province.
Characteristics: Ba Vang Pagoda (also known as Bao Quang Pagoda) preserves unique Buddhist cultural values, especially Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen.
(TITC) - The pagoda was built in 1706 by Buddhist Monk Tue Bich – a descendant of Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen and then restored several times. The current architecture is the result of the renovation in 2011.

◊ Architecture
Covering an area of about 22ha, with the situation of backing to the mountain, facing the Bang Dang River and being surrounded by pine forest, the pagoda consists of front shrine, sanctum, back shrine and many auxiliary items. Highlights of which are the internal three-door gate and sanctum named Dai Hung Bao Dien.

The internal three-door gate has the Northern pagoda style architecture with the largest middle door. Above the three doors are three steeples attached to the statues of dragon, unicorn, turtle, and phoenix. The front of the internal three-door gate is engraved the parallel sentences in Han character and faces the semicircular lake, where has a pagoda designed after the architecture of One Pillar Pagoda in Ha Noi.

Passing the internal three-door gate, visitors arrive in Dai Hung Bao Dien with the area of 4,000m2 recognized as “the largest sanctum on mountain in Indochina” by the Indochina Records Organization in 2014. The wall of Dai Hung Bao Dien is carved many exquisite patterns, especially the large mural painting describing Shakyamuni Buddha’s life from his birth to Nirvara.



The other works uninterruptedly arranged surrounding Dai Hung Bao Dien to create a harmonious architectural ensemble include ancestors’ house, preaching hall, library, bell tower, drum tower, Arhat statue corridor, etc.

LED lighting system on the pagoda’s roof turned on at night brings the splendid and brilliant beauty to the pagoda.

◊ Outstanding Antiques
In addition to the unique architecture, Ba Vang Pagoda also has a great system of wooden statues and valuable antiques, especially the red wooden drum recognized as the biggest one of Viet Nam by Viet Nam Records Organization in 2014.

◊ Festival
Ba Vang Pagoda is the only place in Quang Ninh Province to organize Chrysanthemum Festival on the 9th day of the ninth lunar month to honor the chrysanthemum – the symbol of Buddhist culture associated with Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen. The festival includes many activities such as water procession from the old well to the sanctum, offerings ceremony, chrysanthemum arranging contest, enjoying chrysanthemum tea, reciting zen poems, calligraphy demonstration, tuong (Vietnamese classic opera) and cheo (Vietnamese popular theatre) performances, etc.



Quang Ninh Museum and Library

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Location: In the complex of cultural works in Cot 3 Area, Hong Hai Ward, Ha Long City, Quang Ninh Province.
Characteristics: The building has unique architecture, charming space and plenty of valuable artifacts.

◊ Architecture
(TITC) - Designed by Spanish architect, Salvador Perez Arroyo, started to build in the end of 2012 and completed in October 2013, Quang Ninh Museum and Library is located on an area of nearly 24,000m² with a total investment of over VND 900 billion. It includes 3 blocks of museum, library and convention connected together by an overhead bridge system. Inspired by the icon of coal, a typical mineral of Quang Ninh Province, the building is a symbol on the most beautiful coastal road in Ha Long City. Especially, the building is assembled with 14,000m² of glass that has resistant to temperature changes. Thanks to specific architecture, the building looks like a giant mirror reflecting the image of the world natural heritage, Ha Long Bay.

◊ Museum
As soon as entering the ground floor of the museum block, visitors will have the chance to admire a whale skeleton and sailboat models. The first floor features tubular displaying columns made of modern materials such as steel frame, tempered glass and especially the covering fabric with images of Ha Long Bay combined with light projection technology to make visitors feel like walking in a miniature space of Ha Long Bay. The second floor is designed according to a wooden boat to introduce Quang Ninh Province through periods of prehistory, proto-history, Bach Dang victory, resistance war against French Colonial and American Empire, and Truc Lam Yen Tu Buddhism culture. In the third floor, visitors will visit display spaces of economic achievements, cultural identities and characteristics of ethnic groups in Quang Ninh Province; images of visits of President Ho Chi Minh to Quang Ninh; and artifacts used in mining, especially coal industry.



◊ Library
Besides the museum, the library block is also designed in a modern style, of which the ground floor stores over 100,000 book titles of all fields. The first floor consists of conference rooms, rooms for children, a screening room, a theater and a coffee shop. The pendent floor has room for businessmen, display room of books and newspapers, foreign language book room, internet room... The second floor is composed of general reading rooms, reading rooms for the disabled, a general book warehouse with over 200,000 titles and a conference rooms with the capacity of over 60 people.

Connected with famous attractions in Quang Ninh Province such as Bai Tho Mountain, Tran Quoc Nghien Temple, Long Tien Pagoda, Hong Gai Church, Ha Long Marine Plaza, Vincom Ha Long Trade Centre…, Quang Ninh Museum and Library is a specific tourism product containing the values of daily lives of local people.

Opening time: 8.00am - 11.30am and 1.30pm - 5.00pm (except Mondays and holidays).
Fare: adults: VND 30,000/person; children: VND 10,000/person


Sung Sot Grotto

August 31, 2017 Add Comment
Location: Situated in the centre of the UNESCO-declared World Heritage area – Ha Long Bay, Sung Sot (Surprise) Grotto is on Bo Hon Island.
Characteristics: Covering area of 10,000m² in Bo Hon Island, Sung Sot Grotto with thousands of stalactites is one of the finest and widest caves in Ha Long Bay which were discovered by the French in 1901.

◊ It Looks Like a Theatre
Ascending to the grotto, the way is covered by trees and foliage and consists of great paved stone blocks. Inside, it is partitioned into two chambers; the first one being similar to a wide theatre hall. Many stalactites hang from the high ceiling, with numerous possible forms and shapes. From the wharf, you climb 50 steep stone stairs to the mouth of the grotto, which lies 25m above the sea level. Going down some 10 stone stairs, you reach the mouth of a grotto. The grotto covers some 10,000m2. Inside the grotto there have thousands of stalactites and stalagmites along the 500-meter paved passage.




A narrow passage leads to the second rooms, where a flow of light meets visitors. Light posts line the passage and serve as signposts and ornaments. The lighting system with elegant styles adds more charm to the beauty of the grotto. The chamber is so immense it could contain thousands of people at one time.

Up in the 30-meter roof of the grotto, one can figure out small, soft and even concave spots, which look like patterns in the ceiling of a theater. A huge piece of stone stands up to the ceiling by the grotto's mouth. This evidences one of the typical karst-style grottoes with high scientific values.

◊ Fascinating Landscapes
At the deepest point of the grotto, a "royal garden" appears with a clear pond and a seemingly fascinating landscape of mountains. Many birds and plants (benjamin figs, cycads and centenary banyan trees) live here. On nice days groups of monkeys might arrive in search of fruit.

At the side of the entrance, the rock seems to form the shape of a horse with a long sword. Legend has it, that after having defeated the An aggressors, Thanh Giong (Saint Giong) helped the population to chase away evil spirits and demons. After this feat, Saint Giong flew to heaven, leaving a stone horse and sword to continue to keep the demons away.


Ha Long Bay

August 31, 2017 Add Comment
Location: Ha Long Bay is located in the northeastern part of Viet Nam and constitutes part of the western bank of Bac Bo Gulf, including the sea area of Ha Long City, Cam Pha City and part of Van Don Island District, Quang Ninh Province.
Characteristics: UNESCO recognized it as the World Natural Heritage two times.
Ha Long Bay encompasses 1,969 islands of various sizes which are concentrated in two main zones: the south-east (belonging to Bai Tu Long Bay) and the south-west (belonging to Ha Long Bay). The bay has been first recognized as World Natural Heritage since 1994 by UNESCO for the natural beauty, and for the second time for its geographical and geomorphologic values since 2000.

◊ Natural Beauty
Ha Long Bay covers a total area of 1,553km², including 1,969 islands of various sizes, 989 of which have been given names. There are two kinds, limestone and schist. The average geological age of the islands is between 250 and 280 million years old. 



Ha Long Bay has been called by the great national poet Nguyen Trai: "a marvel of the earth erected towards the high skies". While exploring the bay, tourists will feel lost in a legendary world of stone islands which shapes change depending on the angle and the light. There are many names given to islands according to their shapes and forms such as Hon Dau Nguoi (Human Head Islet), Hon Rong (Dragon Islet), Hon Canh Buom (Sail Islet), Hon Trong Mai (Cock and Hen Islet)… But the beauty of Halong Bay does not consist only in the forms of its mountains, islands and the colour of its waters, but also in its infinitely rich system of grottoes and caves such as: Thien Cung (Heavenly Palace Grotto), Dau Go (Driftwood Grotto), Sung Sot (Surprise Grotto), Tam Cung (Three Palace Grotto), Trinh Nu (Virgin Grotto)... Each is a grandiose and refined natural architectural creation.

◊ Geological Value
The most remarkable geological events of Ha Long Bay’s history in the last 1,000 years include the advance of the sea, the raising of the bay area and the strong erosion that has formed coral and pure blue and heavily-salted water. This process of erosion by sea water has deeply engraved the stone, contributing to its fantastic beauty. Present-day Ha Long Bay is the result of this long process of geological evolution that has been influenced by so many factors. It is because of all these factors that the tourists now visiting Ha Long Bay are not only treated to one of the true wonders of the world, but also to a precious geological museum that has been naturally preserved in the open air for the last 300 million years.

◊ Biodiversity
Results of scientific research show that Ha Long Bay features ecosystems of a tropical ocean region such as ecosystem of coral reefs with 232 species of coral distributed mainly in the areas of Cong Do and Bo Hung. It is also home to 81 species of gastropoda, 130 species of bivalvia, 55 species of polycheta and 57 species of crab. The ecosystem of salt water-flooded forests chiefly concentrated in the zones of Tuan Chau, Cua Luc and Ba Che has the most diversified collection of species of salt water-flooded plant in North Viet Nam. Also living in this ecosystem are a great many species of animals: migrating birds (200 species), polycheta (169 species), seaweed (91 species), reptile (10 species). Ha Long Bay also has ecosystem of tropical rain forests with various rare and precious creatures: deer, weasels, squirrels and in particular, white-tabby and red-haired monkeys. In addition, there is a system of small caves along the sea, which are the living and development places for many animals and plants: seaweed, water plant, algae, fish and shrimp. Deeper into the water, there are also many species of shrimp, fish, abalone and other sea-specialities.

◊ Historical and Cultural Value
Ha Long is a place closely linked to Viet Nam’s history with such famous geographical names as: Van Don (site of an ancient commercial port); Poem Mountain (with engravings of many poems by emperors and other famous people of the past); and Bach Dang River (the location of two fierce naval battles fought against foreign aggressors). This is not all, Ha Long has been proven by scientists to be one of the first cradles of human existence in the area, with such archaeological sites as Dong Mang, Xich Tho, Soi Nhu and Thoi Gieng…

◊ A Two Time Recognized by UNESCO as World Natural Heritage Site
On December 17, 1994, Ha Long Bay was recognised as world natural heritage for its natural beauty at the 18th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in Thailand. On December 12, 2000, Ha Long Bay was recognised as world natural heritage for the second time based on its geological value at the 24th meeting of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in Cairns, Australia. The recognised site covers an area of 434km², comprises 775 islands and forms a triangle: with Dau Go Island (Driftwood Grotto) to the west; Ba Ham Lake (Three Shelter Lake) to the south and Cong Tay Island to the east.

Ha Long Bay was also listed as one of new seven nature wonders of the world by New7Wonders Organization in 2011.

The visitors exploring Ha Long Bay are treated to one of the true wonders of the world, enjoy interesting experience with kayaking, and take an overnight cruise on a tradition junk around the bay.